FANR Glossary

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AccidentAny intended or unintended event, including operating errors, equipment failures, initiating events, accident precursors, near misses or other mishaps, or unauthorised act, malicious or nonmalicious, the consequences or potential consequences of which are not negligible from the point of view of protection or Safety. dm
ActivityThe production, use, import, and export of Radiation Sources for industrial, research and medical purposes; the transport of Radioactive Material; the Decommissioning of Facilities; and Radioactive Waste Management activities.
AssessmentThe process and the results of a systematic analysis and the evaluation of the extent of hazards associated with Regulated Activities and Regulated Materials and associated protection and Safety measures for the purpose of meeting requirements, achieving efficiency of the process, and encouraging improvements including safety improvements.
Assessment Activities Includes reviewing, checking, inspecting, testing, surveillance, auditing, peer evaluation and technical review activities, which can be carried out either through independent assessment or self-assessment.
AuthorityThe Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation


BoardThe Board of Management of the Authority


ChairmanThe Chairman of the Board
ClosureAdministrative and technical actions directed at a repository at the end of its operating lifetime – such as covering of the disposed waste (for a near surface repository) or backfilling and/or sealing (for a geological repository and the passages leading to it) – and the termination and completion of activities in any associated structures.
CommissioningThe process by means of which systems and component of Facilities and Activities, having been constructed, are made operational and verified to be in accordance with the Design and to have met the required performance criteria. Commissioning may include non-nuclear and/or non-radioactive and nuclear and/or radioactive testing.
ContainmentContainment is defined as: a) the structural features of a Facility; b) containers or equipment which are used to establish the physical integrity of an area; or c) items (including Nuclear Safeguards Equipment or Records) to maintain the continuity of knowledge of the area or items by preventing undetected access to, or movement of, Nuclear Material or other material, or interference with such items. The continuing integrity of the Containment itself is usually assured by Seals or surveillance measures and by periodic examination of the Containment during inspection.
ConstructionThe process of manufacturing and assembling the components of a Facility, the carrying out of civil works, the installation of components and equipment and the performance of associated tests.


DecommissioningAdministrative and technical actions taken to allow the removal of some or all of the Regulatory Controls from a Nuclear Facility (except for a Radioactive Waste Repository or for certain Nuclear Facilities used for the Disposal of residues from the mining and processing of Radioactive Material, which are closed and not decommissioned).
DesignThe process of developing a concept, detailed plans, supporting calculations and specifications for a Facility or one of its parts.
Director General The Director General of the Authority.
DischargePlanned and controlled release of (whether gaseous, liquid or otherwise) Radioactive Material to the environment.
DisposalEmplacement of waste in an appropriate Facility without the intention of retrieval.
Dose(s) A measure of the energy deposited by radiation in a target.


Emergency(ies) A non-routine situation that necessitates prompt action, primarily to mitigate a hazard or adverse consequences for human health and Safety, quality of life, property, or the environment. This includes nuclear and radiological emergencies and conventional emergencies such as fire, release of hazardous chemicals, storms or earthquakes. It includes situation for which prompt action is warranted to mitigate the effects of a perceived hazard.
Emergency Action An action performed to mitigate the impact of an Emergency.
Emergency Plan A description of the concept, policy and objectives of operations for the response to an Emergency and of the structure, authorities and responsibilities for a systematic coordinated and effective response. The Emergency Plan serves as he basis for the development of other plans, procedures and checklists.
Emergency Preparedness The capability to take action that will effectively mitigate the consequences of an Emergency.
Emergency Response The performance of actions to mitigate the consequences of an Emergency. It may also provide a basis for the resumption of normal social and economic activity.
Emergency Zone The precautionary action zone and/or the urgent protective action planning zone.
Enforcement Action Actions taken by the Authority for the purpose of ensuring operator‟s compliance with this Decree by Law, regulation and requirements specified by the Authority, including corrective actions, written warnings, revoking of a licence and any other administrative penalties or fines the Authority may impose according to this Decree by Law and regulations in force. The authority shall, when taking Enforcement Action, take into consideration the suitability of the action with the Enforcement Action to be adopted.
EnrichmentA process or operation the purpose of which is to produce uranium containing greater mass percentage of uranium – 235 than 0.72%.
ExemptionThe determination by the Authority that a Source or practice is exempted from some or all aspects of Regulatory Control on the basis that the exposure (including potential exposure) due to the Source or practice is too small to warrant the application of those regulatory aspects or that this is the optimum option for prevention irrespective of the actual level of the Doses or risks


FacilityIncludes Nuclear Facilities, irradiation installations, some mining and raw material processing facilities, such as uranium mines; Radioactive Waste Management Facilities, and any other places where Radioactive Material is produced, processed, used, handled, stored, or disposed of, or where radiation generators are installed, on such a scale that consideration of protection and Safety is required


GovernmentThe Government of the State.


IAEAInternational Atomic Energy Agency
IAEA Safety Standards Standards of safety provided for in the Statute of the IAEA
InspectionAn examination, observation, measurement or test undertaken to assess structures, systems and components and materials as well as operational processes, organisational processes, procedures and personnel competence.
Ionising Radiation Radiation capable of producing ion pairs in biological materials


LawThe Federal Law by Decree No. 6 of 2009, Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy
LicenceThe approval issued by the Authority granting authorisation to the Licensee to perform one or more specific Regulated Activities related to a Facility or Activity. Or any other authorisation granted by the Authority to the applicant to have the responsibility for the Siting, Design, Construction, Commissioning, Operation or Decommissioning of a nuclear installation or granted to carry out any Activity related to management of nuclear spent fuel or of Radioactive Waste.
LicenseeA Person holding a valid Licence.


MaintenanceThe organised activity, both administrative and technical, of keeping structures systems and components in good operating condition, including both preventive and corrective (or repair) aspects.
Management System A set of interrelated or interacting elements (system) for establishing policies and objectives and enabling the objectives to be achieved in an efficient manner.


Nuclear Facility A Facility including associated buildings and equipment in which Nuclear Material is produced, processed, used, handled, stored or disposed of including Radioactive Waste Repository.
Nuclear Fuel Fissionable nuclear material in the form of fabricated elements for loading into the reactor core of a civil nuclear power plant or research reactor.
Nuclear Reactor A device in which nuclear fuel is used in to control nuclear fission reactions, and to sustain the required environment for controlled fission reactions without causing an explosion during chain reactions. It includes research reactors and power reactors.
Nuclear Safety The achievement of proper operating conditions, prevention of Accidents or mitigation of Accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the environment from undue radiation hazards.
Nuclear SectorThe Sector related to the Regulated Activities.
Nuclear Security The prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorised access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving Nuclear Material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities.


Occupational Exposures(s) Exposure of workers incurred in the course of their work, with the exception of excluded exposures and exposures from exempt practices or exempt Sources according to specifications set by the Authority.
Operating Records Records kept at each Facility or Location Outside Facility on the operation of such Facility or Location Outside Facility regarding the use or handling of Nuclear Material, including calibration related equipment and activities taken for accounting purposes.
OperationAll activities performed to achieve the purpose for which an authorised Facility, by the Authority was constructed.
OperatorAny person authorised and/or responsible for nuclear safety, radiation safety, Radioactive Waste or transport Safety when undertaking activities or in relation to any Nuclear Facilities or Sources of Ionising Radiation. This includes, inter alia, individuals in their personal capacity, governmental bodies, cosigners or carriers, Licensees, hospitals, self-employed persons, etc.
Orphan Sources A Radioactive Source which Is not under the Regulatory Control, either because it has never been under such Regulatory Control or because it has been abandoned, lost, misplaced, stolen or whose possession or ownership has otherwise been transferred in the absence of an appropriate Licence.


Periodic Safety Review A systematic reassessment of the Safety of an existing Facility (or Activity) carried out at regular intervals to deal with the cumulative effects of ageing, modifications, operating experience, technical development sand siting aspects, and aimed at ensuring a high level of Safety throughout the service life of the Facility (or Activity)
PersonNatural or juridical persons in the public or private sector
Physical Protection Measures for the protection of Nuclear Material or authorised Facilities, designed to prevent unauthorised access or removal of fissile material or sabotage with regard to safeguards, as, for example, in the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material or other related international agreements, to which the State is a party
ProcessingAny operation that changes the characteristics of waste including pre-treatment, treatment and conditioning.
Public Exposure(s) Exposure incurred by members of the public from Radiation sources, excluding any occupational or medical exposure and the normal local natural background radiation but including exposure from authorised sources and practices and from intervention situations.


Quality Assurance The function of a Management System that provides confidence that specified requirements will be fulfilled.


Radiation Protection The protection of people from the effects of exposure to Ionising Radiation, and the means for achieving this.
Radiation Source A radiation generator, or a Radioactive Source or other Radioactive Material outside the nuclear fuel cycles of research power reactors.
Radiation Weighting Factor The number by which the absorbed dose in a tissue is multiplied to reflect the relative biological effectiveness of the radiation in inducing stochastic effects at low doses, the result being the Equivalent Dose. The radiation weighting factors published in „The 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP 60)‟ shall be applied until the Authority determines that the revised radiation weighting factors published in „The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection‟ (ICRP 103) shall be applied.
Radioactive MaterialMaterial designated by the Authority as being subject to Regulatory Control because of its radioactivity.
Radioactive Source Radioactive Material that is permanently seated in a capsule or closely bonded and in a solid form and which is not exempt from Regulatory Control. This also includes any Radioactive Material released if the Radioactive Source is leaking or broken, but does not include material encapsulated for Disposal, or Nuclear Material with the nuclear fuel cycles of research and power reactors.
Radioactive WasteWaste that contains or is contaminated with, radionuclides at concentrations or activities greater than levels as established by the Authority.
Radioactive Waste Management All administrative and operational activities involved in the handling, pre-treatment, treatment, conditioning, transport, Storage and Disposal of Radioactive Waste.
Radioactive Waste Management Facilities Facility specifically designated to handle, treat, condition, temporarily store or permanently dispose of Radioactive Waste.
Radioactive Waste Repository A repository to deposit Radioactive Waste for disposal purposes.
RecordsFor Safeguards defined as Accounting Records, Operating Records, all Reports and clarifications thereof, source documents related to Nuclear Material Accountancy and Control, notifications to the Authority, requested reports, studies and experiments, and any other selected items that the Authority identifies to the Licensee in connection with its regulations.
Regulated Activities The activities identified in Article 25 of this Law by Decree.
Regulated Material Any Radioactive Material, special materials and equipment, Radioactive Waste, nuclear spent fuel and any other material, product, service or asset whether tangible or intangible, which, in the opinion of the Authority, is or may in the future be related to or connected with the Nuclear Sector and designated as such from time to time by implementing regulations; and Any other Radioactive Material and Sources of ionising Radiation as designated by the Authority from time to time as requiring its direct oversight.
Regulatory Control Any form of control or regulation applied to Facilities or Activities by the Authority for reasons relating to Radiation Protection or to the Safety or security of Radioactive Sources.
Regulatory Inspection Inspection undertaken by or on behalf of the authority to ensure the Licensee‟s compliance with the provisions of this Law by Decree, the implementing regulation, regulations in force and terms of the Licence.
ReportsFor safeguards are defined as Special Reports, Physical Inventory Listings, Material Balance Reports, Inventory Change Reports and any other report drafted by the Licensee for any reason.
ReprocessingA process or operation, the purpose of which is to extract radioactive isotopes from nuclear spent fuel for further use.


Safeguards Agreement The Agreement between the State and IAEA for the application of Safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the NonProliferation of Nuclear Weapons (2003) and the Protocol Additional to that Agreement *(2009).
Safety The protection of people and environment from exposure to Radiation risks, the safety of facilities including safety of nuclear facilities and radiation safety and safety of management of radioactive materials and the safety transport of radioactive materials, and the means for preventing Accidents and for mitigating the consequences of Accidents, and does not include safety aspects not related to radiation field.
Safety Assessment Assessment of all aspects of a practice that are relevant to protection and Safety: for an authorised Facility this includes siting, Design and Operation of the Facility. Analysis to predict the performance of an overall system and its impact, where the performance measure is the radiological impact or some other global measure of the impact on Safety. The systematic process that is carried out throughout the design process to ensure that all relevant Safety requirements are met by the proposed (or actual) design. Safety Assessment includes, but is not limited to, the formal Safety analysis required by the Authority.
Site For Safeguards means an area delimited by the State in the relevant design information for a Facility, including a closeddown Facility, and in the relevant information on a Location Outside Facility where nuclear material is customarily used, including a closed-down Location Outside Facility where Nuclear Material was customarily used. It shall also include all installations, collocated with the Facility or Location Outside Facility, for the provision or use of essential services.
Special Reports For Safeguards are reports given to the Authority by the Licensee pursuant to Article (13) of this FANR-REG-10.
Spent Nuclear Fuel Nuclear fuel removed form a reactor following irradiation that is no longer usable in its present form.
State United Arab Emirates
StorageThe holding of Radioactive sources, nuclear spent fuel or Radioactive Waste in a Facility that provides for their/its containment, with the intention of retrieval.

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